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采用相應的方法盡量把變形量控制在盡量小的范圍內
發布時間:2019-12-7

rechuligongyishishigezhongjinshucailiaohuodeyouliangxingnengdezhongyaoshouduan。henduoshijiyingyongzhonghelixuanyongcailiaohegezhongchengxinggongyibingbunengmanzujinshugongjiansuoxuyaodelixuexingneng 、wulixingnenghehuaxuexingneng,zheshirechuligongyishibibukeshaode。

danshirechuligongyichulejuyoujijidezuoyongzhiwai,zaichuliguochengzhongyebukebimiandihuichanshenghuoduohuoshaodebianxing,erzheyoushijixiejiagongzhongbixubimiande,liangzhezhijianshi gongcuneryouxuyaobimiandeguanxi,zhinengcaiyongxiangyingdefangfajinliangbabianxingliangkongzhizaijinliangxiaodefanweinei。

一、溫度的測量與控制

gongyeshangshijiyingyongderechuligongyixingshifeichangduo,danshitamendejibenguochengdoushirezuoyongguocheng,doushiyoujiare、baowenhelengquesangejieduanzuchengde。zhenggegongyiguochengdou keyiyongjiaresudu、jiarewendu、baowenshijian、lengquesuduyijirechulizhouqidengjigecanshulaimiaoshu。

zairechuligongyizhong,yaoyongdaogezhongjiarelu,jinshurechulibianzaizhexiejiareluzhongjinxing(rujibenrechulizhongdetuihuo、cuihuo、huihuo、huaxuerechulideshentan、shenan、 shenlv、shengehuoquqing、quyangdengdeng)。yinci,jiareluneidewenduceliangjiuchengweirechulidezhongyaogongyicanshuceliang。

meiyizhongrechuligongyiguifanzhong,wendushihenzhongyaodeneirong。ruguowenduceliangbuzhunque,rechuligongyiguifanjiudebudaozhengquedezhixing,yizhizaochengchanpinzhiliangxiajiangshenzhibao fei。wendudeceliangyukongzhishirechuligongyideguanjian,yeshiyingxiangbianxingdeguanjianyinsu。


二、控溫正火或等溫退火

zhenghuoyingduguogao、hunjing、daliangsuoshitihuoweishizuzhidouhuishineikongbianxingzengda,suoyiyaoyongkongwenzhenghuohuodengwentuihuolaichuliduanjian。jinshudezhenghuo、tuihuoyijizaijinxing cuihuozhiqiandediaozhi,douhuiduijinshuzuizhongdebianxingliangchanshengyidingdeyingxiang,zhijieyingxiangdaodeshijinshuzuzhijiegoushangdebianhua。

shijianzhengming,zaizhenghuoshicaiyongdengwencuihuokeyouxiaodishijinshuzuzhijiegouquyujunyun,congershiqibianxingliangjianxiao。


三、合理的冷卻方法

jinshucuihuohoulengqueguochengduibianxingdeyingxiangyeshihenzhongyaodeyigebianxingyuanyin。reyoucuihuobilengyoucuihuobianxingxiao,yibankongzhizai100℃±20℃。youdelengquenengliduibianxingye shizhiguanzhongyaode。cuihuodejiaobanfangshihesudujunyingxiangbianxing。

jinshurechulilengquesuduyuekuai,lengqueyuebujunyun,chanshengdeyingliyueda,mojudebianxingyeyueda。keyizaibaozhengmojuyingduyaoqiudeqiantixia,jinliangcaiyongyuleng;caiyongfen jilengquecuihuonengxianzhujianshaojinshucuihuoshichanshengdereyinglihezuzhiyingli,shijianshaoyixiexingzhuangjiaofuzagongjianbianxingdeyouxiaofangfa;duiyixietebiefuzahuojingduyaoqiujiaogaodegongjian ,liyongdengwencuihuonengxianzhujianshaobianxing。


四、合理的零件結構

jinshurechulihouzailengqueguochengzhong,zongshibodebufenlengdekuai,houdebufenlengdeman。zaimanzushijishengchanxuyaodeqingkuangxia,yingjinliangjianshaogongjianhouboxuanshu,lingjianjiemianli qiujunyun,yijianshaoguoduquyinyinglijizhongchanshengjibianhekailieqingxiang;

gongjianyingjinliangbaochijiegouyucailiaochengfenhezuzhideduichengxing,yijianshaoyouyulengquebujunyinqidejibian;gongjianyingjinliangbimianjianruilengjiao、goucaodeng,zaigongjiandehoubojiaojiechu 、taijiechuyaoyouyuanjiaoguodu;jinliangjianshaogongjianshangdekong、caojinjiegoubuduicheng;houdubujunyunlingjiancaiyongyuliujiagongliangdefangfa。


五、合理的裝夾方式及夾具

mudeshigongjianjiarelengquejunyun,yijianshaoreyinglibujun,zuzhiyinglibujun,laijianxiaobianxing,kegaibianzhuangjiafangshi,panleilingjianyuyoumianchuizhi,zhouleilingjianlizhuang,shiyongbu changdianquan,zhichengdianquan,diejiadianquandeng,huajiankonglingjiankeyongshentanxinzhoudeng。


六、機械加工

dangrechulishigongjianjiagongguochengdezuihougongxushi,rechulijibiandeyunxuzhiyingmanzutuyangshangguidingdegongjianchicun,erjibianliangyaogenjushangdaogongxujiagongchicunqueding。weici, yinganzhaogongjiandejibianguilv,rechuliqianjinxingchicundeyuxiuzheng,shirechulijibianzhenghaochuyuhegefanweinei。

dangrechulishizhongjiangongxushi,rechuliqiandejiagongyuliangyingshiweijijiagongyuliangherechulijibianliangzhihe。tongchangjixiejiagongyuliangyiyuqueding,errechuliyouyuyingxiangyinsuduo bijiaofuza,yinciweijixiejiagongliuchuzugoudejiagongyuliang,qiyujunkezuoweirechuliyunxujibianliang。rechulihouzaijiagong,genjugongjiandebianxingguilv,shiyongfanbianxing、shousuoduan yuzhangkong,tigaocuihuohoubianxinghegelv。


七、采用合適的介質

zaibaozhengtongyangyingduyaoqiudeqiantixia,jinliangcaiyongyouxingjiezhi,shiyanheshijianzhengming,zaiqitatiaojianwuchayideqiantixia,youxingjiezhidelengquesudujiaoman,ershuixingjiezhide lengquesuduzexiangduikuaiyixie。erqie,heyouxingjiezhixiangbi,shuiwenbianhuaduishuixingjiezhilengquetexingdeyingxiangjiaoda,zaitongyangderechulitiaojianxia,youxingjiezhixiangduishuixingjiezhicuihuo houdebianxingliangyaoxiangduixiao。